The Third Chimpanzee for Young People: On the Evolution and Future of the Human Animal (For Young People Series)
Rebecca Stefoff, Jared Diamond
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
At some point during the last 100,000 years, humans began exhibiting traits and behavior that distinguished us from other animals, eventually creating language, art, religion, bicycles, spacecraft, and nuclear weapons—all within a heartbeat of evolutionary time. Now, faced with the threat of nuclear weapons and the effects of climate change, it seems our innate tendencies for violence and invention have led us to a crucial fork in our road. Where did these traits come from? Are they part of our species immutable destiny? Or is there hope for our species’ future if we change?
With fascinating facts and his unparalleled readability, Diamond intended his book to improve the world that today’s young people will inherit. Triangle Square’s The Third Chimpanzee for Young People is a book for future generation and the future they’ll help build.
From the Hardcover edition.
multiple wives. Tribespeople sometimes voluntarily gave up their old ways in favour of the new goods and practices they saw. But there was also a deeper revolution in the highlanders’ view of the universe. They and their neighbours were no longer the only humans, with the only way of life. The scientists’ entry into the Grand Valley in 1938 was a turning point for the Dani. It was also part of a turning point in human history. What difference did it make that all human groups used to live in
their own for something like seven million years. The genetic distance separating us from chimps is less than the distance between two species of gibbons (2.2 percent). In an example from the bird world, the red-eyed vireo and white-eyed vireo are species of songbirds. Both belong to the same genus, or cluster of closely related species. But they differ in 2.9 percent of their DNA—much more than the difference between us and chimps. In terms of genetic distance, humans, common chimps, and
from American history, President Andrew Jackson forced the Choctaw, Cherokee, and Creek Indians of the southeastern United States to move west of the Mississippi in the 1830s. Jackson did not deliberately plan for many Indians to die on the way because of lack of supplies and bitter winter weather, but he did not take the steps needed to keep them alive. What reasons or motives lie behind genocidal killings? There are four types of motives, although some killings may be driven by more than one
believe in a universal code of ethics, our traditional attitudes and stories about the genocide say that whites killed Indians in self-defence, that white civilization was superior and destined to keep advancing across the land, and that the victims were savage animals. Ishi, who died in 1916, was the sole survivor of an American genocide—the extermination of his people, the Yahi Indians. THE LAST OF HIS TRIBE ON AUGUST 29, 1911, A STARVING TERRIFIED Indian named Ishi emerged from a remote
multiplied because they found an abundance of big-game animals that had no fear of humans and were easy to hunt. When game was killed off in one area, the hunters and their offspring fanned out into new areas and killed the mammal populations there. By the time the hunters had reached southern South America, most big mammal species of the Americas had been exterminated. First in the Americas Martin’s blitzkrieg theory has drawn vigorous criticism. Doubters ask: Could a small band of hunters