The Slave's Cause: A History of Abolition

The Slave's Cause: A History of Abolition

Manisha Sinha

Language: English

Pages: 784

ISBN: 030018137X

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Received historical wisdom casts abolitionists as bourgeois, mostly white reformers burdened by racial paternalism and economic conservatism. Manisha Sinha overturns this image, broadening her scope beyond the antebellum period usually associated with abolitionism and recasting it as a radical social movement in which men and women, black and white, free and enslaved found common ground in causes ranging from feminism and utopian socialism to anti-imperialism and efforts to defend the rights of labor. Drawing on extensive archival research, including newly discovered letters and pamphlets, Sinha documents the influence of the Haitian Revolution and the centrality of slave resistance in shaping the ideology and tactics of abolition. This book is a comprehensive new history of the abolition movement in a transnational context. It illustrates how the abolitionist vision ultimately linked the slave’s cause to the struggle to redefine American democracy and human rights across the globe.

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Haiti, but as they sailed toward the island the Decatur was overtaken by another ship and brought to New York. Most of the rebels escaped, but William Hill (alias Bowser) was caught and hanged. Angered by the article, which praised Bowser’s demeanor and criticized him, Austin Woolfolk assaulted Lundy. In the resulting case for battery, the proslavery judge castigated Lundy and fined Woolfolk one dollar. Embarking on a lecture tour of the North in 1828, Lundy inspired future leaders of

schools. In his pamphlet William Jackson of Chester County, posed “a general amalgamation of the two races” as a way to end racial prejudice.31 That year the Baptist abolitionist William Yates of Troy published his Rights of Colored Men to Suffrage, Citizenship and Trial by Jury. Pointing to the disfranchisement of African Americans in Connecticut, New Jersey, New York, and, most recently, Pennsylvania, Yates reminded whites that black people had been citizens of the Republic from its inception

emigration to Canada or Haiti and were willing to consider emigration to Trinidad. The CA rejected emigration as policy and warned that the islands and British Guiana needed cheap labor. When offered a chance to migrate to Trinidad, Canadian blacks refused to jeopardize their dearly won freedom, especially given fears of reenslavement. Abolitionists were critical of West Indian emigration schemes sponsored by colonial authorities. The antislavery Baptist missionary William Knibb perceived that

R. Delany, 358–64; Frank A. Rollin, Life and Public Services of Martin R. Delany (Boston, 1883), chap. 12; Ullman, Martin R. Delany, 232–46; Ripley, ed., The Black Abolitionist Papers, 1:488–90, 497–509, 519–23; Griffith, The African Dream, 53–57; Miller, The Search for a Black Nationality, 217–32; Sanneh, Abolitionists Abroad, 170–77; Blackett, Building an Antislavery Wall, 175–94; African Civilization Society, Constitution of the African Civilization Society . . . (New Haven, 1861), 3–7, 32–38;

Friends in North Carolina transported seven hundred more to get around the state’s antimanumission laws. The Quaker abolitionist Benjamin Lundy was a champion of Haitian emigration and twice escorted black emigrants from North Carolina and Maryland to Haiti. Lundy founded the Baltimore Emigration Society in 1825 with his fellow abolitionist Daniel Raymond. He published his numbers on emigration to Haiti and debated colonizationists in his newspaper, the Genius of Universal Emancipation. Raymond,

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