Nutrition and Diagnosis-Related Care
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Revised and updated throughout, the Eighth Edition features new information on the treatment of inflammation through nutrition therapy; new and updated coverage of autism and neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric disorders; timely information for the dietician working in a collaborative, interdisciplinary care setting.
became effective January 1, 2006. Food ingredient labeling is the first line of defense for those with food allergies and their caregivers. Food ingredient labels should be read every time a food is purchased and used. Under FALCPA, food labels are to provide clear, consistent, and reliable ingredient labeling information by including “common English” names of the top eight major food allergens in food labeling. Legislation requires one of two options for food labeling with these common terms.
disorders, renal failure, HIV infection, or inflammatory bowel disorders Pediatric TPN: biliary atresia, Hirschsprung’s disease with enterocolitis, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, congenital short-bowel, GI ischemia or fistulas, severe burns or trauma, and bowel transplantation. It may be possible to wean from TPN to tube or oral feeding in some conditions; for others, PN may be permanent. Children cannot tolerate fasting as long as adults Increased nutrient needs for trauma, surgery, recent
Children with special health care needs: NutritionCare handbook. LWBK759-C01_p01-68.qxd 10/28/10 8:05 AM Page 22 Aptara Inc 22 NUTRITION AND DIAGNOSIS-RELATED CARE For More Information • • Abbott Laboratories (products for infants) http://abbottnutrition.com/ USDA/ARS Children’s Nutrition Research Center http://www.bcm.tmc.edu/cnrc/ • • American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.aap.org/ WIC Topics A-Z http://www.nal.usda.gov/wicworks/Topics/Infant_Nutrition.html • • Bright
higher than usual. Infectious diseases of childhood may be related to poor nutrition, especially lack of vitamin C, zinc, and vitamin A (Long et al, 2007). Children who are prone to repetitive illness may benefit from a basic multivitamin–mineral supplement in addition to a carefully planned diet. ID is another major concern in young children (Skalicky et al, 2006). Participation in WIC programs may be helpful (Altucher et al, 2005). Children should have access to an adequate supply of healthful
Birth Weight Infant 187 Nutrient Needs of Preterm Infants 188 Parenteral Vitamin and Mineral Needs in Preterm Infant 188 Types and Nutrition Interventions for Maple Syrup Urine Disease (MSUD) 190 Complications of Childhood Obesity 198 When to Initiate Weight Loss Diets in Children 199 Components of Successful Weight Loss for Children 201 Risk Factors for Developing IUGR in Pregnancy 210 Urea Cycle Disorders (UCD) 214 ix LWBK759-FM_pi-xx.qxd 10/29/10 6:35 PM Page x Aptara Inc x LIST OF TABLES